Ated GCC box in vitro.Prediction of cis-acting Elements of Promoter

Ated GCC box in vitro.Prediction of cis-acting Elements of Promoter Region of AaERFPutative cis-acting elements of the promoter were predicted using the PLANTCARE software (http://bioinformatics.psb. ugent.be/LED 209 site webtools/plantcare/html/) (Figure 1A; Table 1). A putative TATA box MedChemExpress Docosahexaenoyl ethanolamide sequence was found at -27 bp, and the putative CAAT box sequence was located at -38 bp. The 59-UTR pyrimidine-rich stretch site is a cis-acting element conferring high transcription levels. Such an 15857111 element was found at position -1345 to -1336 as shown in Figure 1A. A TC-rich repeat, which is involved in defense and stress response, was localized to position 590 to -581. A TGA-box element (TGACGTCA), which is involved in plant defense responsiveness, was found at position 209 to -201. A G/C-box element (CACGTC), which is involved in light-induction or hormone control, was found at position -1458 to -1453. The W box is a fungal elicitor responsive element, which was present at positions -547 to -542 bp and -336 to -332 25331948 bp in AaERF1 promoter. A search for the regulatory elements in AaERF1 promoter also carried EIRE box. The above cis-acting elements are summarized in Table 1. Nearly all these cis-acting elements are related to defense responsiveness. Consequently, AaERF1 may be a defense responsiveness transcription factor in A. annua.AaERF1 can Bind to the GCC Box in YeastThe yeast one-hybrid system is a stable system to study the DNA binding ability of transcription factors [19]. The results of yeast one-hybrid and b-galactosidase activity assays indicated that only the hybrid cells containing the combination of pB42AD::AaERF1 and p178-46GCC-LacZ showed b-galactosidase activity compared with other combinations, including pB42AD with p178LacZ, pB42AD::AaERF1 with p178-46GCC-LacZ, pB42AD::AaERF1 with p178-LacZ, and pB42AD with p178-46GCCLacZ. The results demonstrated that AaERF1 could bind to the GCC box cis-acting element in yeast cells (Figure 4B).Expression Profiling Analysis of AaERF1 after Hormone and Stress TreatmentsIn this study, RT-Q-PCR analysis was used to obtain the expression pattern of AaERF1 after hormone and stress treatments including MeJA (100 mM), ethephon (500 mM) and wound treatments. The transcript level of AaERF1 was increased rapidlyAaERF1-overexpression in Arabidopsis Causes the Increase of Disease Resistance to B. cinereaThe transgenic Arabidopsis plants were first confirmed by kanamycin-resistant screening and genomic DNA-based PCR, and then three transgenic lines were chosen for further analysis. The control experiment involving the transfer of empty plasmidAaERF1 Regulates the Resistance to B. cinereaFigure 1. Sequence of AaERF1 promoter region and construction of AaERF1 promoter-GUS vector. (A) The sequence of AaERF1 promoter region. The transcription initiation site and the translation start site are in bold, underlined letters. Numbers indicate the position relative to the transcription start site. Putative cis-acting regulatory elements involved in defense responsiveness in AaERF1 promoter are in bold. (B) Construction of AaERF1 promoter-GUS vector. PstI and EcoRI are the enzymes used in the construction. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0057657.gp2300+ to Arabidopsis was also conducted. The results showed that the transcript levels of AaERF1 had a significant increase in AaERF1-overexpression lines (Figure 5A). Correspondingly, Chi-B was shown to be elevated between 2.3- and 7.7-fold in AaERF1overexpression lines (Figure 5B). The transcript l.Ated GCC box in vitro.Prediction of cis-acting Elements of Promoter Region of AaERFPutative cis-acting elements of the promoter were predicted using the PLANTCARE software (http://bioinformatics.psb. ugent.be/webtools/plantcare/html/) (Figure 1A; Table 1). A putative TATA box sequence was found at -27 bp, and the putative CAAT box sequence was located at -38 bp. The 59-UTR pyrimidine-rich stretch site is a cis-acting element conferring high transcription levels. Such an 15857111 element was found at position -1345 to -1336 as shown in Figure 1A. A TC-rich repeat, which is involved in defense and stress response, was localized to position 590 to -581. A TGA-box element (TGACGTCA), which is involved in plant defense responsiveness, was found at position 209 to -201. A G/C-box element (CACGTC), which is involved in light-induction or hormone control, was found at position -1458 to -1453. The W box is a fungal elicitor responsive element, which was present at positions -547 to -542 bp and -336 to -332 25331948 bp in AaERF1 promoter. A search for the regulatory elements in AaERF1 promoter also carried EIRE box. The above cis-acting elements are summarized in Table 1. Nearly all these cis-acting elements are related to defense responsiveness. Consequently, AaERF1 may be a defense responsiveness transcription factor in A. annua.AaERF1 can Bind to the GCC Box in YeastThe yeast one-hybrid system is a stable system to study the DNA binding ability of transcription factors [19]. The results of yeast one-hybrid and b-galactosidase activity assays indicated that only the hybrid cells containing the combination of pB42AD::AaERF1 and p178-46GCC-LacZ showed b-galactosidase activity compared with other combinations, including pB42AD with p178LacZ, pB42AD::AaERF1 with p178-46GCC-LacZ, pB42AD::AaERF1 with p178-LacZ, and pB42AD with p178-46GCCLacZ. The results demonstrated that AaERF1 could bind to the GCC box cis-acting element in yeast cells (Figure 4B).Expression Profiling Analysis of AaERF1 after Hormone and Stress TreatmentsIn this study, RT-Q-PCR analysis was used to obtain the expression pattern of AaERF1 after hormone and stress treatments including MeJA (100 mM), ethephon (500 mM) and wound treatments. The transcript level of AaERF1 was increased rapidlyAaERF1-overexpression in Arabidopsis Causes the Increase of Disease Resistance to B. cinereaThe transgenic Arabidopsis plants were first confirmed by kanamycin-resistant screening and genomic DNA-based PCR, and then three transgenic lines were chosen for further analysis. The control experiment involving the transfer of empty plasmidAaERF1 Regulates the Resistance to B. cinereaFigure 1. Sequence of AaERF1 promoter region and construction of AaERF1 promoter-GUS vector. (A) The sequence of AaERF1 promoter region. The transcription initiation site and the translation start site are in bold, underlined letters. Numbers indicate the position relative to the transcription start site. Putative cis-acting regulatory elements involved in defense responsiveness in AaERF1 promoter are in bold. (B) Construction of AaERF1 promoter-GUS vector. PstI and EcoRI are the enzymes used in the construction. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0057657.gp2300+ to Arabidopsis was also conducted. The results showed that the transcript levels of AaERF1 had a significant increase in AaERF1-overexpression lines (Figure 5A). Correspondingly, Chi-B was shown to be elevated between 2.3- and 7.7-fold in AaERF1overexpression lines (Figure 5B). The transcript l.