Ation and complement each other with their strengths . tropEd Inside the tropEd network the created good quality program was created via participatory understanding for all members: from the beginning,the network decided not to have a separate curriculum committee,but rather to possess every institution involved. The GA decided to aim for an open course of action,exactly where the GA acted as theZwanikken et al. BMC Health-related Education ,: biomedcentralPage ofcurriculum committee,so each member could study and comment on every core course and advanced module. During the method of creating the good quality assurance normally a compact group of interested representatives from various institutions worked with each other on diverse subjects. This approach was fairly informal: in the course of a discussion in the GA an issue needing elaboration could be identified,no terms of reference have been produced,and every interested GA member could join the discussion. The group would come together,sometimes during the GA meeting or sometimes in smallgroup meetings in involving the GA meetings. Final results of your discussions could be brought back and rediscussed inside the GA. When important the compact group would take the comments and suggestions from the GA and additional revise prior to returning it for the GA for consensus. By means of this procedure the network developed many documents and recommendations i.e. guidelines for core course and advanced modules,ethical guidelines,a strategic strategy for the network,handbook and forms for tropEd recognition as well as thesis suggestions. As in any multicultural and multicountry network with diverse interests,resistance to change or to proposed procedures often emerged. Inside the network this resistance was often addressed by means of informal discussions. Sometimes resistance emerged resulting from institutional agendas i.e. distinction in course fee or difference in institutional procedures. These agendas were clarified,normally throughout the GA and informal discussion,and after that difficulties were reviewed,and attainable accommodation or enable assistance was presented for the members on how you can handle the resistance inside the institution. To foster student mobility and with initial members getting only European institutions,the network adopted the European Credit Transfer System (ECTS),provided its explicit style to foster mobility inside Europe. The institutions outside Europe who joined the network later kept their very own PubMed ID:https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25532902 credit technique,when employing the ECTS for tropEd students. . Equivalence and comparability of high quality assurance frameworks Literature Based on literature from the nineties onwards,growing international mobility,and as a result international comparability,became an important issue,especially in Europe along with the USA . Quality assurance was very oftendiscussed from the viewpoint of `provider’ and ‘receiver’ institutions and countries: the degree of autonomy of either branches or nearby institutions granted by the `home’ institution to adhere to procedures from the ‘home’ institution or create their own high-quality assurance processes [,]. Stella states that national frameworks for good quality assurance of crossborder education aren’t nicely created ,P-Selectin Inhibitor biological activity though Murray argues that for Australia a sophisticated framework for monitoring of crossborder higher education exists . Bolton argues that current excellent assurance frameworks frequently don’t allow accommodation of manageable dangers related with innovation,flexibility and experimentation in new market place areas,discussing a partnership among Australia and China . Bil.