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Ts of different mechanisms, which could be dissociated psychologically and neuroscientifically
Ts of various mechanisms, which could be dissociated psychologically and neuroscientifically (Preston and de Waal, 2002; Blair, 2005). At this, most empathic responses to emotional cues in perceived stimuli, for instance facial expressions, take place automatically (Dimberg and Thunberg, 998; Chartrand and Bargh, 999; Dimberg et al 2000; Han et al 2008; Kramer et al 200). Humans, nonetheless, are capable to voluntarily concentrate their empathy on other folks (Nummenmaa et al 2008). This intentionally controlled empathy might even take place when no salient emotional cues are accessible inside the perceived stimuli and is dissociated from the automatic empathy processes in time course (Fan and Han, 2008).Received 7 May possibly 200; Accepted 9 October 200 Advance Access publication 2 April 20 The authors thank Yan Fan, Zhenhao Shi and Yina Ma for their assist in the preparation on the stimuli. We further thank for the assistance by Claus Tempelmann and also the employees on the Division of Neurology with the OttovonGuerickeUniversity of Magdeburg in the acquisition of pilot data. We also thank Niall Duncan for beneficial propositions towards the script. Financially, this study was supported by the Science and Technologies Fellowship Programme in China (STFP25 to M.G.). We are also indebted to the German analysis Foundation (DFGSFB 779A6), the Hope of Depression Analysis Foundation (HDRF), the CRC and also the EJLB Michael Smith Foundation for offering generous economic MedChemExpress BMS-5 support (to G.N.), and for the National All-natural Science Foundation of China (Project 30630025, 3082802, 30900390), the National Fundamental Study Program of China (973 Plan 200CB833903), and the Fundamental Study Funds for the Central Universities (delivering generous financial support to S.H.). Correspondence must be addressed to Moritz de Greck, Department of Psychology, Peking University, 5 Yiheyuan PubMed ID: Road, Beijing 0087, China. Email: [email protected] and Shihui Han, Division of Psychology, Peking University, 5 Yiheyuan Road, Beijing 0087, China. E mail: [email protected] with the prior studies identified neural substrates underlying emotional empathy by comparing stimuli with diverse emotional intensities (Breiter et al 996; Morris, et al 996; Phillips et al 997; Sprengelmeyer et al 998; Blair et al 999), by comparing the perception of emotions and also the observation of other individuals experiencing precisely the same emotions (Wicker et al 2003; Jabbi et al 2007; Jabbi and Keysers, 2008), or by comparing the perception of emotions with the imitation of the very same feelings (Carr et al 2003).While these research located neural activity in brain places such as the anterior cingulate (ACC), anterior insula, superior temporal cortex, amygdala and inferior frontal cortex (Breiter et al 996; Morris et al 996; Phillips et al 997; Sprengelmeyer et al 998; Blair et al 999; Carr et al 2003; Wicker et al 2003; Jabbi et al 2007), the designs employed within the prior function did not enable to isolate intentionally controlled processes from automatically generated processes of empathy. Furthermore, while quite a few research investigated the modulation of `empathy for pain’ by cognitive mechanisms (Lamm et al 2007a, b; Hein and Singer, 2008) or practical experience to painful practices (Cheng et al 2007), the neuronal basis underlying the cognitive modulation of `emotional empathy’ has, to our know-how, not been investigated so far. The first aim of our study was to uncover the neural mechanisms underlying intentionally controlled processes involved in emotional empathy. To differenti.

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