Healthcare laboratory specialist’s personal and specialist improvement. Continuous reflection around the principles of conduct of the health-related laboratory specialist must constitute the grounds for the improvement of moral and qualified attitudes of medical laboratory specialists” . In this context it is feasible to agree with Skuczyski who writes: “not the quite existence of codes of ethics is risky, but decreasing ethics to code decisions. Neither the deontology, nor the conduct of individuals is often rational or irrational exclusively on account of codes of ethics, although norms contained in them can constitute arguments in practical reasoning – by no means even though the only ones” . Recognizing the require of making codes of ethics and legitimacy in the CEMLS study, it’s worthwhile to spend attention to the issue of their more or much less legal character, i.e. their relation for the constitutional law. Legal SMER28 web character of CEMLS The evaluation of legal character of your code of ethics inside a provided nation is drastically influenced by its legal tradition. Generally as part of the Anglo-Saxon tradition it is actually achievable to assign much more characteristics of “ordinary” law than in the tradition of your European continent . Inside the United states of america codes of ethics possess a character of your law or comparable to the law, above all on account of your possibility of enforcing them. Norms included in these codes will not be only aeJIFCC2014Vol25No2pp199-Elbieta Puacz, Waldemar Glusiec, Barbara Madej-Czerwonka Polish Code of Ethics of a Healthcare Laboratory Specialistbasis of disciplinary liability, but also of other kinds of legal liability. European codes of ethics normally contain common norms on execution of a given profession and are much less legalistic and significantly less formal than their American equivalents. PubMed ID:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21345593 1 should really however try to remember that also in part of the Old Continent their norms belong to legal systems and as such constitute the basis of disciplinary or experienced liability. CEMLS has it legal authorization in Art. 44 in the Act of the clinical diagnostics , which im, poses “codifying principles of ethics of medical laboratory specialists”. This reality doesn’t dispel all doubts regarding legal character of your document in question. Within the discussion present for many years in Poland (similarly as in other nations) about the legal status of codes of ethics it is actually achievable to exemplify two outermost positions. Very first are supporters of the monism, concerning the law because the only normative category. They claim that a code of qualified ethics primarily based on provisions of a relevant act becomes a part of the legal system. In contrast, dualism maintains the existence of a second normative system besides the law, which is described because the sphere of moral, ethical or deontological norms. In this understanding the issued code pursuant to the provisions in the above described act retains its identity and will not be an object of incorporation in the legal system. The ethical norms included inside the code don’t have a legal status, but re-describe norms on the constitutional law. The statements on the Polish Constitutional Tribunal [18,19], concerning the Code of Medical Ethics can prove that in Poland this dualistic model may be the model in force. Nevertheless, there are increasingly frequent attempts to reconcile both positions by treating norms of specialist ethics as specific norms of “soft law” as opposed to traditional “hard law”. The try to rank codes of experienced ethics as “soft law” is.