Angiotensin II 5-valine Healthcare laboratory specialist’s individual and professional development. Continuous reflection around the principles of conduct with the healthcare laboratory specialist ought to constitute the grounds for the improvement of moral and professional attitudes of medical laboratory specialists” . In this context it is probable to agree with Skuczyski who writes: “not the very existence of codes of ethics is dangerous, but decreasing ethics to code choices. Neither the deontology, nor the conduct of men and women may be rational or irrational exclusively on account of codes of ethics, though norms contained in them can constitute arguments in practical reasoning – under no circumstances although the only ones” . Recognizing the need of generating codes of ethics and legitimacy on the CEMLS study, it’s worthwhile to spend interest to the issue of their much more or much less legal character, i.e. their relation to the constitutional law. Legal character of CEMLS The evaluation of legal character of the code of ethics within a provided country is substantially influenced by its legal tradition. Frequently as part of the Anglo-Saxon tradition it can be achievable to assign much more attributes of “ordinary” law than within the tradition from the European continent . In the United states codes of ethics have a character from the law or equivalent towards the law, above all on account on the possibility of enforcing them. Norms incorporated in these codes are certainly not only aeJIFCC2014Vol25No2pp199-Elbieta Puacz, Waldemar Glusiec, Barbara Madej-Czerwonka Polish Code of Ethics of a Health-related Laboratory Specialistbasis of disciplinary liability, but also of other kinds of legal liability. European codes of ethics normally include basic norms on execution of a given profession and are significantly less legalistic and much less formal than their American equivalents. PubMed ID:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21345593 One particular must even so try to remember that also in part of the Old Continent their norms belong to legal systems and as such constitute the basis of disciplinary or experienced liability. CEMLS has it legal authorization in Art. 44 on the Act in the clinical diagnostics , which im, poses “codifying principles of ethics of healthcare laboratory specialists”. This reality doesn’t dispel all doubts concerning legal character of the document in question. Inside the discussion present for many years in Poland (similarly as in other countries) concerning the legal status of codes of ethics it really is achievable to exemplify two outermost positions. Initial are supporters with the monism, concerning the law because the only normative category. They claim that a code of specialist ethics primarily based on provisions of a relevant act becomes a part of the legal program. In contrast, dualism maintains the existence of a second normative program in addition to the law, that is described because the sphere of moral, ethical or deontological norms. In this understanding the issued code pursuant towards the provisions from the above described act retains its identity and just isn’t an object of incorporation inside the legal system. The ethical norms integrated in the code don’t have a legal status, but re-describe norms from the constitutional law. The statements with the Polish Constitutional Tribunal [18,19], concerning the Code of Healthcare Ethics can prove that in Poland this dualistic model will be the model in force. On the other hand, you can find increasingly frequent attempts to reconcile both positions by treating norms of skilled ethics as precise norms of “soft law” as opposed to traditional “hard law”. The try to rank codes of expert ethics as “soft law” is.