Health-related laboratory specialist’s personal and professional improvement. Continuous reflection around the principles of conduct in the healthcare laboratory specialist should really constitute the grounds for the improvement of moral and professional attitudes of health-related laboratory specialists” . In this context it’s feasible to agree with Skuczyski who writes: “not the extremely existence of codes of ethics is harmful, but reducing ethics to code decisions. Neither the deontology, nor the conduct of people is often rational or irrational exclusively on account of codes of ethics, though norms contained in them can constitute arguments in practical reasoning – in no way though the only ones” . Recognizing the want of making codes of ethics and legitimacy with the CEMLS study, it’s worthwhile to spend consideration towards the problem of their far more or much less legal character, i.e. their relation to the constitutional law. Legal character of CEMLS The evaluation of legal character on the code of ethics within a offered country is significantly influenced by its legal tradition. Generally as a part of the Anglo-Saxon tradition it can be possible to assign much more options of “ordinary” law than within the tradition of the European continent . Within the United states of america codes of ethics have a character in the law or similar towards the law, above all on account on the possibility of enforcing them. Norms incorporated in these codes will not be only aeJIFCC2014Vol25No2pp199-Elbieta Puacz, Waldemar Glusiec, Barbara Madej-Czerwonka Polish Code of Ethics of a Health-related Laboratory Specialistbasis of disciplinary liability, but in addition of other sorts of legal liability. European codes of ethics usually contain common norms on execution of a provided profession and are significantly less legalistic and less formal than their American equivalents. PubMed ID:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21345593 A single ought to on the other hand remember that also in a part of the Old Continent their norms belong to legal systems and as such constitute the basis of disciplinary or qualified liability. CEMLS has it legal authorization in Art. 44 of the Act from the clinical diagnostics , which im, poses “codifying principles of ethics of medical laboratory specialists”. This truth doesn’t dispel all doubts regarding legal character on the document in query. Within the T0901317 chemical information discussion present for many years in Poland (similarly as in other countries) about the legal status of codes of ethics it truly is feasible to exemplify two outermost positions. Very first are supporters on the monism, relating to the law because the only normative category. They claim that a code of experienced ethics primarily based on provisions of a relevant act becomes a part of the legal technique. In contrast, dualism maintains the existence of a second normative technique in addition to the law, which can be described because the sphere of moral, ethical or deontological norms. Within this understanding the issued code pursuant for the provisions of the above pointed out act retains its identity and is just not an object of incorporation within the legal system. The ethical norms incorporated in the code don’t possess a legal status, but re-describe norms from the constitutional law. The statements on the Polish Constitutional Tribunal [18,19], concerning the Code of Healthcare Ethics can prove that in Poland this dualistic model is definitely the model in force. On the other hand, you will discover increasingly frequent attempts to reconcile each positions by treating norms of experienced ethics as precise norms of “soft law” as opposed to conventional “hard law”. The try to rank codes of expert ethics as “soft law” is.