R cultural background. The emotional and physical techniques in which we respond to stress may cause mental and physical symptoms. The effects of stress vary1with the ways it can be appraised, as well as the coping tactics applied differ among men and women and are influenced by ethnic, cultural, and socioeconomic characteristics (1). Hence, there is certainly no universal definition of anxiety. The etiology and pathogenesis of anxiety is complicated and multi-factorial and varies across environments. Among university students, perceived tension may perhaps take the form of academicDepartment of Physiology, College of Overall health Science, University of Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria Department of Physiology, College of Health-related Sciences, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria Corresponding Author: Ekpenyong, C. E., E mail: chrisvon200yahoo.comstress with many triggering variables (academic stressors), such PubMed ID:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21346730 as academic demands, finances, time pressures, wellness issues, and self-imposedstressors (two). Prior research have shown academic stressors to be great 23-Hydroxybetulinic acid models of naturally occurring stress in humans, and empiricalAssociations Among Academic Stressors… proof has shown that undergraduates endure psychosocial distress due to unsupportive interaction with other students and teachers and financial hardship(3). Psychosocial strain is high among freshmen, ladies, and international students due to the adjustment they must make in their social, academic, and cultural lives inside a new atmosphere, getting left all previous help persons which include parents, siblings, and higher college good friends (four). They may be faced with loneliness, anxiety, depression, and disorientation. Also, preceding research have shown that poor coping tactics and variations in character forms may well contribute to extra strain in particular individuals, leading to a adverse pattern of behavior, development of psychosomatic symptoms, and decreased academic performance (three, 5). An growing physique of proof suggests that university students knowledge high levels of strain as a result of intensive academic workloads, the expertise base expected, as well as the perception of obtaining inadequate time for you to create it (6). Anecdotally, students report the greatest sources of academic stress to become taking and studying for examinations with respect to grade competitors and mastery of a large amount of data within a tiny level of time (7, 8). Several research have consistently shown that examinations are among essentially the most prevalent of students’ stressors. This strain can disrupt the internal and external atmosphere in the student’s physique and cause physiological modifications that are likely to disturb homeostasis (9, ten). Usually, academic demands and self-imposed stressors collide, tipping the balance and resulting in disequilibrium and excessive stress (11). Such heightened tension could lead to associated symptoms like sleep disturbance, which results in physical strain placed on the physique. Psychosocial, person, and physical stressors are also encountered normally in an academic environment. Individual variables that may influence one’s response to stress incorporate age, sex, physical-ability status, life style (smoking and alcohol-drinking habits), ethnicity, adiposity, and genetic predisposition. Earlier studies have shown that variability in students’ maturity (such as the complete improvement of the prefrontal cortex, which is the region on the brain responsibleEkpenyong CE. et alfor decision creating) is related to higher variability in their methods.